GTD 450 Blades of Gas Turbine Material

September 28, 2023 | Tags: 450, GTD-450, S45000, Blades, Turbine,

September 28,2023

GTD 450 Blades of Gas Turbine Material

Custom 450® stainless is a martensitic age-hardenable stainless steel(Precipitation hardening stainless steel) which exhibits very good corrosionresistance (similar to that of Stainless Type 304) with moderate strength (similar to that of Stainless Type 410).The alloy has a yield strength somewhat greater than 100 ksi (689 MPa) in the annealed condition, but is easilyfabricated. A single-step aging treatment develops higher strength with good ductility and toughness.This stainless can be machined, hot-worked, and cold-formed in the same manner as other martensitic age-hardenable stainless steels. A particular advantage is ease of welding and brazing. GTD 450 stainless is generally supplied in the annealed condition, requiring no heat treatment by the user formany applications. Because it has corrosion resistance like Type 304 stainless but three times the yield strength, ithas been used in applications where Type 304 was not strong enough. On the other hand, it has also replacedType 410 stainless directly on a strength basis where Type 410 had insufficient corrosion resistance. Mechanicalproperties will depend on the aging temperature selected.

Compressor blading materials for land based gas turbines – Special steels Until recently, all production blades for compressors are made from 12% chromium containing martensitic stainless steel grades 403 or 403 Cb (Schilke, 2004). Corrosion of compressor blades can occur due to moisture containing salts and acids collecting on the blading. To prevent the corrosion, GE has developed patented  aluminum slurry coatings for the compressor blades. The coatings are also meant to impart improved erosion resistance to the blades. During the 1980’s, GE introduced a new compressor blade material, GTD-450, a precipitation hardened martensitic stainless steel for its advanced and uprated machines Without sacrificing stress corrosion resistance, GTD-450 offers increased tensile strength, high cycle fatigue strength and corrosion fatigue strength, compared to type 403. GTD-450 also possesses superior resistance to acidic salt environments to type 403, due to higher concentration of chromium and presence of molybdenum 

Custom 450 stainless shows excellent resistance to oxidation up to approximately 1200ºF (649ºC). Significantaging occurs when annealed material is heated to 700ºF (371ºC) and higher.Long-term exposure to elevated temperatures can result in reduced toughness in precipitation hardenablestainless steels. The reduction in toughness can be minimized in some cases by using higher aging temperatures.Short exposures to elevated temperatures can be considered, provided the maximum temperature is at least 50ºF(28ºC) less than the aging temperature.

Corrosion Resistance

Custom 450 stainless has resisted atmospheric corrosion including salt water atmospheres. It shows excellentresistance to rusting and pitting in 5% and 20% salt spray at 95ºF (35ºC). Tests in hot concentrated nitric acidshow corrosion resistance approaching that of Type 304.Optimum corrosion resistance for this alloy is obtained in the annealed condition. However, age hardening results inonly a slight change.For optimum corrosion resistance, surfaces must be free of scale, lubricants, foreign particles, and coatings applied.

Title: GTD 450 Stainless Steel: Unleashing the Power of Innovation


In the realm of industrial materials, there are few that can rival the impeccable qualities of GTD 450 stainless steel. Renowned for its exceptional strength, durability, and resistance to corrosion, this innovative alloy has revolutionized various sectors, from aerospace engineering to construction. In this article, we delve into the remarkable properties and applications of GTD 450 stainless steel, shedding light on why it has become the go-to choice for numerous industries.

Unparalleled Strength:

One of the standout features of GTD 450 stainless steel is its unmatched strength. Engineered to withstand extreme environments and heavy-duty applications, this alloy boasts a tensile strength that surpasses conventional stainless steels. Its exceptional resistance to mechanical stress ensures enhanced structural integrity, making it the ideal material for demanding scenarios where safety and reliability are paramount.

Durability and Corrosion Resistance:

When it comes to longevity, GTD 450 stainless steel sets the bar remarkably high. Thanks to its superior resistance to corrosion, even in highly acidic or saline environments, this alloy delivers unparalleled durability. Industries such as marine engineering, where exposure to corrosive agents is inevitable, rely on GTD 450 stainless steel for its ability to withstand the test of time, minimizing maintenance costs and ensuring prolonged service life.

Wide Range of Applications:

The versatility of GTD 450 stainless steel extends far beyond its remarkable strength and corrosion resistance. Its exceptional thermal and heat transfer properties have made it an integral component in the production of heat exchangers and steam turbines. Moreover, its unique electromagnetic properties have propelled GTD 450 stainless steel to the forefront of the electrical engineering industry, finding applications in transformers and power distribution systems.

Innovation and Future Prospects:

GTD 450 stainless steel's success lies not only in its current achievements but also in its potential for further advancements. Constant research and development efforts are focused on enhancing its properties, such as increasing its resistance to extreme temperatures or developing complex alloys for specialized applications. The future of GTD 450 stainless steel holds the promise of even greater breakthroughs, cementing its position as a titan in the world of industrial materials.


With its unparalleled strength, exceptional durability, and remarkable resistance to corrosion, GTD 450 stainless steel has solidified its status as the epitome of excellence in industrial material innovation. Its applications span across various sectors, from aerospace engineering to electrical systems, offering unrivaled performance and reliability. As technology continues to push the boundaries of what is possible, GTD 450 stainless steel stands as a testament to human ingenuity, forever changing the way we build and create.

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